Cross Cutting topics
Asset disclosure and conflict of interest laws act as a deterrent against graft, collusion, and patronage in the public sector.
Budgets are the link between policies and their implementation. Citizens have a right to know how their governments are collecting and spending their money.
Citizen engagement is what open government is all about. Citizens must feel free and empowered to voice their opinions, and governments should actively seek to engage the public in decision making.
By opening up data, and making it sharable and reusable government can enable informed debate, better decision making, and the development of innovative new services.
Respecting the privacy of individual citizens is the other side of the coin to ensuring the accountability and openness of powerful institutions.
Open contracting prevents mismanagement, inefficiency, and corruption and enables public contracts to be awarded fairly, delivering value-for-money and better services and infrastructure.
Local people can often see problems in healthcare, education and other public services. Enabling people to act and help to find solutions is the key challenge for effective public services.
Successful open government depends on sound records management to ensure that information is accurate, reliable, accessible, usable and authentic for as long as it may be needed.
The right to information underpins the spirit and practice of open government.
Those working in an organisation are often the first to recognise misconduct or illegal activity. It is vital that individuals can safely report concerns, and that their concerns are investigated.
Transparent information about aid funding allows countries receiving aid to use it better, citizens to hold their governments to account and donors to judge where aid is most needed.
Strengthening transparency and accountability in public construction saves public money, results in better and more reliable infrastructure and improves investor confidence.
Protecting consumers, and enabling them to be informed and active is critical to allowing people's views to be heard.
Elections are critical accountability mechanisms. Citizens have a right to participate and also a right to know whether the electoral process is valid and free of corruption.
People depend on a healthy environment for life and livelihoods. But decisions are often made without the involvement of those whose interests are at stake.
Transparency and accountability are crucial in the governance of natural resources, from the decision to extract to the granting of concessions, to the collection and management of revenues.
Global problems facing the marine fisheries sector, including overfishing and the marginalization of the small-scale sector, are leading to increased awareness of the need to improve transparency.
A well-functioning land sector can boost a country's economic, social and environmental development. However, weak governance of land and land rights too often hinders this.
Democracy isn't just about elections. Open parliaments inform citizens about their work, empower them to engage in the legislative process and to hold parliamentarians to account.
The primary point of contact many citizens have with their government is a police officer. Given the extraordinary power and authority vested in the police, accountability is particularly important.
Diplomacy, military operations and intelligence activities require some necessary secrecy to be effective, but should also be covered by transparency and accountability rules and safeguards.
Financial transparency enables action against fraud and corruption, ensures openness about taxation policy and implementation, improves market efficiency and provides protections for investors.